All posts by Edward Hill

KRA-R Updates and Important Reminders

Kindergarten Readiness Banner

Dear Assessment Data Managers and Elementary Building Principals,

Thank you for supporting Ohio’s kindergarten students! With only 3 weeks remaining in the administration window, we would like to share a few updates and important reminders with you.

Teacher Training

Last chance for KRA-R teacher training!  There will be two more KRA-R teacher trainings next week. Teachers must register in STARS for the training. Prework is required so we cannot accommodate late registrations and teachers must have an account in KReady to complete the online work required in advance of the training.

KRA-R Teacher Training: Monday, October 12 from 12-3 p.m. Registration closes Friday, October 9 at 2 p.m. The last KRA-R teacher training will be held on Friday, October 16 from 1-4 p.m. Registration closes Wednesday, October 14 at 2 p.m.

Data Manager and Administrator Training Opportunities

KReady Building Admin. Webinar: Leading with Data

Wednesday, October 14 from 10-11 a.m.

This webinar is for persons that have the role of building administrator and that access building level reports using the Ready for Kindergarten Online System on the Early Learning Assessment (ELA) and/or Kindergarten Readiness Assessment (KRA). This session will feature information specific to accessing various reports and insights for using the data to make decisions regarding instruction. Registration Link

KReady Data Manager Webinar: Questions + Answers Tuesday, October 20 from 10-11 a.m.

Current data managers will have the opportunity to ask questions in advance and receive responses from members of the leadership and support team. The team will address questions specific to the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment-Revised (KRA-R) and Early Learning Assessment (ELA) from topics submitted by assessment/data managers across the state via a survey. Participants will be in listen only mode and will receive answers to questions submitted to the team via chat/Q+A and live during this session. Registration Link


KRA-R scores must be entered into the Ready for Kindergarten Online system (also called KReady) no later than November 1, 2020 at 11:59 p.m. Data Managers will have until Nov. 6 to clean up student demographics and transfer requests. Scale score reports will be generated after Nov. 6, and we will notify data managers when they are available.

Missing Data

If you are unable to complete assessment items for some or all students due to COVID, leave those KRA-R items blank in KReady rather than marking them Not Scorable (NS). The “NS” option is only for children on Individualized Education Plans (IEPs), 504s, or who have been identified as an English Learner and should not be used for items missed due to COVID. The Department recommends that districts document instances when they are not able to complete the KRA-R for some students.

Third Grade Reading Guarantee

The Language and Literacy cut score for on-track in reading is 263 (scaled-score) and above. If a student scores 262 or less on the Language and Literacy area, the child is not on-track for reading on grade level. This score is for the Language and Literacy sub score only, not the overall score.

Updates to KRA-R Individual Student Report (ISR)

Individual Student Reports (ISRs) are available for each kindergarten student’s KRA-R results. The report shows the student’s overall scale score and overall performance level (emerging, approaching, demonstrating readiness). This year, the ISR will not include any of domain level scores. The domain level scores will be provided in the scale score report.

All KRA-R ISRs are found in the KReady system. The Department will not be sending out paper copies to the districts. Data managers and teachers with a KReady account have access to the ISRs for their students. Please share the KRA-R ISRs with parents in a way that makes the most sense for your school. For example, your school could mail the report to each student’s home or provide it during a parent-teacher conference.

A teacher can generate an ISR on demand after all the scores for a child have been entered in the KReady system. The ISR is available in the KReady system in 6 languages: English, Spanish, Chinese, Japanese, Somali and Arabic. View a sample of the updated ISR in English here.

For policy and implementation questions, contact:

For technical questions, please contact the KRA Help Desk: 844-K12-OHIO (844-512-6446)

Early Learning Update August 31, 2020

Early Learning Assessment

Given the changing demands that early childhood programs are facing this school year, the Ohio Department of Education has implemented two significant changes for preschool programs: (1) a reduced set of minimum standards from Ohio’s Early Learning and Development Standards and (2) reduced Early Learning Assessment minimum requirements.  These changes are effective for the 2020-2021 school year only.

Early Learning and Development Standards Reduction for the 2020-2021 School Year

The prioritized standards are available on the Early Learning website. In the document, we have divided the Early Learning and Development Standards into three categories:

  1. Critical and Feasible
  2. Recommended/Supplemental
  3. Enrichment or Not Likely Feasible

Each category has its own tab in the file. Category 1 standards are the most essential or foundational. These Critical and Feasible standards should be addressed during pandemic operations and prioritized into program planning as the minimum requirement during the 2020-2021 school year. Category 2 standards are also important skills and may be feasible to implement during the pandemic. These Recommended/Supplemental standards should be considered and incorporated into programming when possible but are not required during the 2020-21 school year. Category 3 standards are Enrichment or Not Likely Feasible. They can be used if programs have the means but should be the last set incorporated into programming during the pandemic.


Critical and Feasible
  • Most essential and foundational.
  • Should be addresses and prioritized during pandemic operations
  • Minimum requirement during the 2020-2021 school year.
Recommended/ Supplemental
  • Important skills for early learning and school readiness
  • May be feasible to implement during the pandemic operations
  • Should be considered when possible but are not required during the 2020-21 school year.
Enrichment or Not Likely Feasible
  • Can be used if programs have the means
  • Many may not be feasible for programs to address
  • The last set incorporated into programming during the pandemic operations


Changes to the Early Learning Assessment Administration Requirements for the 2020-2021 School Year

As in previous years, only programs serving children funded by the Early Childhood Education (ECE) grant or Preschool Special Education (PSE) are required to use the Early Learning Assessment. For the 2020-21 school year only, those programs are required to assess and report on only 10 items for funded children. The 10 items (or Skills, Knowledge and Behaviors; also known as SKBs) represent one from each of the 10 previously required Learning Progressions.  Data collection for the Early Learning Assessment can occur remotely through videoconferencing or through parent report over the phone, email, and sharing of video or audio recorded evidence. More information about how to assess children remotely and supports for reporting assessment data this year are under development.

The Department will continue to provide updates on state testing as they become available. Please check the website for current information around testing and assessment.

All programs who serve preschool-age children have the opportunity to use the Early Learning Assessment to improve and support the growth and development of children.


There are four assessment windows for each school year:

Fall: Aug 15 – Nov 14 Required for reporting
Winter:  Nov 15 – Feb 14 Ongoing for best practice
Spring:  Feb 15 – May 14 Required for reporting
Summer:   May 15 – Aug 14 Ongoing for best practice


For the 2020-21 school year only, programs that receive ECE and/or PSE funding must complete the 10 required items during the fall and spring windows.  Programs may continue to use the assessment during the winter and summer windows.  Programs may also choose to assess students on more items beyond those required 10.


How can programs use the ELA as a comprehensive assessment to meet SUTQ assessment requirements?The Early Learning Assessment is a comprehensive assessment and may be used in any Ohio preschool program to meet the Step-up-to-Quality (SUTQ) assessment requirement. For the 2020-21 school year only, the 10 required items for ECE and PSE children will also meet the comprehensive assessment requirement for SUTQ.

For all ECE and PSE funded children, the minimum ELA requirement includes:

  • Assess children using the 10 items (Skills, Knowledge and Behaviors; or SKBs)

For SUTQ rated programs:

  • If a program chooses to use the ELA as their comprehensive assessment during the 2020-21 school year, the program:
    • Must assess all children in 10 required items (SKBs) a minimum of two times per year following the same schedule as the ECE and PSE programs
    • May use Ready for Kindergarten Online system (KReady) or the Bridge Form to document and report the required 10 SKBs
    • May use the Ready for Kindergarten Online system to document and generate reports on all SKBs
  • If a program does not use the ELA as their comprehensive assessment, the program:
    • Must use another research-based comprehensive assessment on all children
    • Must assess ECE and PSE funded children on the 10 required ELA items and must also assess these children with their chosen comprehensive assessment

Early Learning Update August 20, 2020

Early Learning Assessment

A series of sessions called Building Administrator – Tuesday Talks are scheduled to assist new and experienced building administrators in their administration of the Early Learning Assessment (ELA).  These sessions are focused on the work building admins do to facilitate the assessments in their building. The sessions will be structured as a 30-minute open office hour virtual conversation with Early Learning program staff and Ohio K12 Help around various topics.  Building leaders are invited and encouraged to participate. Visit the Building Administrator Training Page for more details and to join a session.

Proposed Topics

Session 1 – Aug 25, 10:30 am

A Good Start – ways to prepare teachers, students and parents/caregivers for the assessment.

Session 2 – Sep 22, 10:30 am

Supporting Your Teachers – strategies for assisting teachers during the administration window.

Session 3 – Oct 27, 10:30 am

Fall 2020 Wrap-Up – discussion on the process for closing down the current assessment window.

Session 4 – Nov 24, 10:30 am

Next Steps – using the data collected from the assessment.

*Note – Session topics may change or be updated due to demand and/or special circumstances.


Building administrator Support Page

Building Administrator Training Page

Fall Assessment Update from the Ohio Department of Education – August 12, 2020

Ohio Department of Education

Fall Assessment Update from the Ohio Department of Education 

As schools begin the 2020-2021 school year, teaching and learning will be provided through virtual, blended and in-person environmentsAssessment plays a critical role in determining each student’s individual needs during the reset and restart. At the same time, the unique circumstances of this year create some logistical challenges for test administration. The Ohio Department of Education is committed to working through these issues to support the needs of schools to the extent possible, including potential legislative requests for additional flexibility. The Department is providing this update on selected assessments that already are under way.  

Districts first and foremost should be concerned about the safety of students and staff. Assessments should occur only if they can be done safely. Safety may be determined at the student, teacher, building, district or county level depending on the circumstances. Districts may schedule individual appointments with students to complete the below assessments if they can maintain safety for the students and teachers. While individual appointments may not be feasible for everyone, they provide an opportunity for teachers to meet with students in person and could be used as one way to get to know students.

Kindergarten Readiness Assessment-Revised (KRA-R). The KRA-R is a secure test, meaning direct assessment items (Selected Response and Performance Tasks) cannot be completed remotely. It is a violation of test security to transmit KRA-R items via videoconferencing. Teachers may gather observational evidence for the Observational Rubric items remotely without disclosing secure test information. Additional information about how to obtain observational evidence while maintaining test security will be posted in the Ready for Kindergarten Online system and included in new teacher KRA-R trainings. If you have questions about the KRA-R, please contact

K-1 Screening for hearing, vision, speech and communication, health or medical problems and any developmental disorders. Districts should follow any guidance issued by the Ohio Department of Health regarding screenings. Districts should follow the publisher protocols for their specific screening instruments regarding any remote administration options. If you have questions about K1 screenings, please contact 

K-3 Diagnostic Assessments. Many Department-approved diagnostic assessments (including the state-developed diagnostic assessment) can be completed remotely. Please contact the assessment vendor for remote administration guidance. If you have questions about the Third Grade Reading Guarantee, please contact

Other Assessments. Updates and additional information about other assessments, including the fall third grade English language arts assessments, fall end-of-course assessments, and make-up ACT and SAT will be posted on the Reset and Restart page as they become available. 

ODE Update for Early Learning Programs August 12, 2020

Early Learning and Readiness Banner

August 12 Updated Transitional Pandemic Rules

This letter provides an update to the May 31 and June 9, 2020 letters for Ohio Department of Education-licensed preschool and school-age child care programs. On August 10, 2020, the State Board of Education adopted updated emergency rules that reflect the changing environment of the state as it continues to face challenges created by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. In addition to the existing rules regulating preschool and school-age child programs, the updated rules establish requirements for symptom checks, sending ill children and staff home, and notification of local health departments for COVID-19 symptoms; face coverings for staff and children; and specifications for portable sinks and room dividers. The lower ratio/class size requirement of 1:9 has been removed and programs may return to pre-COVID ratios and class sizes, as specified in Ohio Department of Education preschool and school-age child care rules linked below. On August 10, 2020, Governor DeWine signed Executive Order 2020-34D which made these rules effective immediately.


Ohio Department of Education-licensed preschool programs may operate in accordance with the emergency rule linked below in addition to the existing preschool licensing rules:

Existing Preschool Licensing Rules;

Emergency rule (3301-37-03.1) and link to rule 5101:2-12-02.2.


Ohio Department of Education-licensed school-age child care programs may operate in accordance with the emergency rule linked below in addition to the existing school-age child care licensing rules:

Existing School-Age Child Care Rules;

Emergency rule (3301-32-06.1) and link to rule 5101:2-12-02.2.


Schools or other educational settings considering opening a preschool or school-age child care program for the first time must follow these steps to become licensed by the Ohio Department of Education. Additional guidance is forthcoming for schools that are planning to provide a learning hub, space or child care program during remote learning days and hours.


Thank you for your thoughtfulness in planning, asking questions and for all that you are doing to keep Ohio’s youngest students safe in this unprecedented time. Visit the Ohio Department of Education’s webpage for Reset and Restart resources and reach out to the team of licensing specialists with any questions.

Early Learning Update August 7, 2020

Early Learning Assessment

Ohio’s Early Learning Assessment Teacher Training

Early Learning Assessment (ELA) training is required for teachers who will be using the assessment. The training is organized in three modules.  Each module consists of independent course work, called Jump Start Modules, and a learning session held in a Zoom virtual classroom. The ELA Jump Start Modules are 30 minutes to one hour in length and are followed by a Zoom session lasting 2-3 hours. Participants will be required to complete and pass two assessments as part of the training: the ELA Simulation assessment and a Content assessment.

Teachers must attend all three Zoom sessions, complete all required independent work, and pass the ELA Simulation and Content assessments to receive credit. Successful completion of the training will provide 10 hours of Ohio Approved Credit. Partial credit is not available.

Registration for the Early Learning Assessment trainings is through the Ohio Professional Registry (OPR) at

For questions, please contact

ODE Update for Early Learning Programs August 4, 2020

Early Learning and Readiness Banner

Preschool and Kindergarten Data Manager Training Opportunity

KReady Data Manager Webinar: Getting Started Fall 2020

Facilitated by The Management Council

When: Monday, August 10, 10:00am–11:00am

Registration link:  

This webinar is primarily for new data managers and will provide information on using the Ready for Kindergarten Online system (KReady) to report Early Learning Assessment (ELA) and Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Revised (KRA-R) scores and data. This session will feature a general overview of the KReady system and address information regarding, Data Manager access, using the Bulk Loader, and Data Formatting. (60 mins) Register here.

This session will be recorded and available for those who are unable to attend.  

For questions, please contact or

ODE Update for Early Learning Programs July 10, 2020

Early Learning Assessment

Dear Early Learning Assessment Data Managers,

Thank you for your continued efforts to support the early care and education of Ohio’s youngest learners. The following message contains important information about the KReady system closing for last school year and reopening for the coming school year.

  • Data Managers have until close of business July 13 to generate learning progression reports from the 2019-2020 school year. If the school had any teacher enter ratings for spring, we recommend the data manager generate the SKB and Learning Progression reports so that districts and programs have them in the KReady system archive next year.
  • Due to the significant reduction in the number of school days, the Early Learning Assessment spring 2020 administration was not required for any Department-funded Preschool Special Education or Early Childhood Education preschool program. While not required, programs had the option, at their discretion, to complete the assessment with some, or all, of their students. This information may be reported in EMIS or the Enterprise Application System; but, again, it is not required.  The Spring ELA data collection window closed in KReady for teachers on May 14. Teachers can no longer enter spring ratings. The system is not open for a summer data collection.
  • For schools and programs that choose to report ELA ratings in EMIS, the spring Early Learning Assessment Collection (FY20) (2020AGBSP) closes August 28, 2020. You can find that in the EMIS Data collection calendar.
  • The KReady online system will close on July 13 at the close of business and reopen a few days later for loading teachers and students into the 2020-2021 ELA administration.

Questions about the Early Learning Assessment:  

Contact Information: 

Help Desk: or  844-K12-OHIO (844-512-6446) to submit a ticket for technical assistance.

Updated Information on Early Learning and School Readiness and More – April 28, 2020

each child our future - in ohio, each child is challenged, prepared and empowered

Updated information on early learning and school readiness, graduation requirements and reading diagnostic assessments

The Ohio Department of Education today updated its website to reflect updates to early learning and school readiness information, including additional resources for families and caregivers.

Additional details about deadlines for identifying students at risk of not earning a diploma have been posted to the Graduation Requirements page.

Finally, new information about expanded time frames for the administration of reading diagnostic assessments has been added to the Third Grade Reading Guarantee webpage.

Thank you, again, for continuing to serve Ohio’s students and your communities!

ohio department of education - each child our future

ODE Update for Early Learning Programs April 8, 2020

Early Learning and Readiness Banner

Dear Early Learning Professional,

The Office of Early Learning and School Readiness recognizes the important role all of you play in supporting young children and families during the ordered closure and stay-at-home period. We have received numerous questions regarding policies and procedures that are affected during this time, and have created a Frequently Asked Questions document to help answer your questions.  The information in the document is intended to help information the actions of early learning programs during this period. The document is categorized into content-specific sections to assist programs in locating information most pertinent to them. Contact information for additional questions related to the content-specific sections can be found at the end of each section.

We encourage you to visit our website frequently, as the document will be updated as new information becomes available. The latest revision date will be at the top of the document to assist programs in assuring they have the newest information. Please also refer to the Ohio Department of Education’s website for up-to-date information.

Thank you for all you are doing to help support Ohio’s young children and their families.